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Deforestation, clearance, clearcutting or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees from land which is then converted to a non-forest use. Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests. About 31% of Earth's land surface is covered by forests. Increase in C stock of forest soils can be achieved through forest management, including forest conservation, fire management, afforestation, species selection, fertilizer use, and soil amendments. Climate Change and Forest Dynamics: A Soils Perspective reduced snow cover, pest outbreaks and fire risk.1,2,5,6 Forest ecosystems are facing many stresses, both natural and human-caused that can contribute to Climate Change and Forest Dynamics: A Soils Perspective Soil is the earth’s fragile skin that anchors all life on Earth. It is comprised of countless species that create a dynamic and complex ecosystem and is among the most precious resources to humans. Increased demand for agriculture commodities generates incentives to convert forests and grasslands to farm fields and pastures. The transition to agriculture from natural vegetation often .
Land degradation, particularly soil erosion, is currently a major challenge for Nepal. With a high rate of population growth, subsistence-based rural economy, and increasingly intense rainfall events in the monsoon season, Nepal is prone to several forms of land degradation, such as floods, landslides, and soil erosion. To understand the causes, impacts, and possible management options for Cited by: 8. Surface mining is a comparatively low-cost operation, however, it can trigger several environmental problems, like land degradation, deforestation, and loss of regional biodiversity. In India and elsewhere, most of coal resources are deposited under forest cover and river basins, thus land degradation and deforestation are inevitable (Fig. ).Cited by: 1. california’s key source watershed infrastructure 1 In , California enacted AB , which defined source watersheds — the forests, meadows, and streams that supply water to its reservoirs — as an integral part of the state’s water system infrastructure. The SMB and labile-C demonstrate strong capacities to detect any changes in the labile carbon associated with soil use and management [7,8,9].Labile-C is the main source of energy for soil microorganisms and is directly related to nutrient cycling and bioavailability .The SMB is mostly composed of bacteria and fungi, which have a very short life : Risely Ferraz de Almeida, Joseph Elias Rodrigues Mikhael, Fernando Oliveira Franco, Luna Monique Fon.
Forests make up 30% of the Earth׳s surface, provide oxygen and shelter for many land species, and constitute and important stock of carbon. In the period –15, the annual loss of forested land was less than half that in but 12 million hectares of forest per year are lost and biodiversity continues to decline at alarming rates. Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, urban use, logged area or wasteland. Historically, this meant conversion to grassland or to its. Physical properties of forest soils develop under natural conditions by the influence of permanent vegetation over a long period of time. Physical properties of forest soils may be almost permanent properties unless modified by harvesting operations, shifting cultivation, and forest by: 8. DEGRADATION AND REVITALIZATION OF SOIL AND LANDSCAPE Bořivoj Šarapatka and Marek Bednář (Eds.) 10th–13th September Palacký University in Olomouc • Czech Republic 1 First Edition Unauthorized use of the work is a breach of copyright and may be subject to .